Torah, Gospel and Quran are God’s revelations to humankind:
Believing in God’s revealed Books before the Quran is an essential pillar of the Islamic faith. Muslims believe that the Quran does not contradict the previous revelations but it does point out and correct deviations from truth that happened through the history.We did reveal the Torah, where in it there is guidance and a light. The Quran, 5:44 And We sent following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary confirming that which came before him in the Torah, and We gave him the Gospel in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instructions for the righteous. The Quran, 5:46 And unto you (Muhammad) We revealed the Book (The Quran) with the truth, confirming whatever Scripture was before it, and a watcher (criterion) over it. The Quran, 5:48 Those whom God bestowed favor among the Prophets, of the descendents of Adam and of those whom We carried (in the ship) with Noah, and of the seed of Abraham and Israel, and from among those whom We guided and chose. When the revelations of (The Lord) The Beneficent were recited unto them, they fell in prostration, adoring and weeping. The Quran, 19:58
|Approx. Period||570 - 632 CE||1-33 CE||around 1400 BC||around 1700 BC|
Muhammad and Abraham
Abraham is considered as the father of prophets in the Jewish, Christian and Islamic religions because most of the known prophets were from his offspring. Muslims believe that prophet Muhammad is his descendent through his first son Ishmael who was also the father of many Arab tribes. On the other hand, the nation of Israel and many prophets such as Jacob, Joseph, Aaron and Moses have descended from his second son Isaac. The Quran frequently mentioned the story of Abraham, who used personal observation, reason and common sense to search for the truth. He recognized that God cannot be the sun, or the moon or any idol or creature. God is the creator of the universe and all beings. He is the only deity that is worthy to be worshipped. He is one and He has no partners. Abraham dedicated his life and struggled to teach people monotheism. He practically proved his sincerity, honesty, thankfulness and obedience to God. He presented one of the greatest and most memorable examples in the history for full submission to One God, the Lord of lords and all beings.Who is better in religion than the one who submits him / herself to Allah (surrender his/her purpose to God) while being a doer of good and follows the religion of Abraham (tradition inclining towards truth, the upright? And Allah chose Abraham as an intimate friend. The Quran, 4:125
Abraham was a man of truth who showed an exemplar obedience to God, therefore, according to the Quran, God chose Abraham as a friend and as one of the elite in the world and among the righteous in the Hereafter (Quran, 4:25, 2:130). God guided him to the right religion and made him an “Imam” i.e. a leader for people (Quran, 2:124) and described him as a nation (Quran, 16:120). Abraham is revered by Muslims as the person who gave them their name as "Muslims" (i.e. those who believe in One God and submit to Him) (Quran, 22:78).“Abraham was neither a Jew, nor a Christian; but he was “Musliman Hanifan” an upright man who had surrendered and sincerely submitted to Allah (God), and he was not of the idolaters” The Quran, 3:67
It is believed that the first building for worshipping one God was established when Adam first descended on the earth. Muslims believe that the most important person who rebuilt this building and raised its walls was Prophet Abraham together with his son Ishmael. The building is cubical in shape and it is called “Ka’bah”. It is located in Makkah, which is currently in Saudi Arabia. God imposed a duty upon Abraham and his son to purify the Ka’bah for those who pray, meditate and prostrate to Him. God made it a place of worship, and a sanctuary (a safe place and a resort) for the people
Then Muhammad walked between the Safa and Marwa hills, the same place Hagar walked thousands of years ago searching for water after her husband Abraham left her there with their son Ishmael. Abraham asked her to stay there as an act of obedience and submission to God’s Command Who wanted the place to become a sanctuary and a place of worship.
The distance between these two hills is approximately 395m. This Hajj rite is called "Sa’ee" i.e. a brisk walk between Safa and Marwa hills that resembles the walk of Hagar in the same place.
Also, Sa'ee resembles the daily motion, activities, actions and eﬀorts a person performs during his / her life. These deeds should be for good, benevolent and useful goals that add positive values to the world and humanity.
Sa’ee consists of 7 laps (with a total distance of 2.76 Km) starting from Safa and fnishing at Marwa.
In addition to other Hajj rites, Muhammad went to a place currently known as “Jamarat” in a town called Mina (8 Km east of Makkah). There he threw stones in resemblance of Abraham’s act, when he stoned the satan who appeared to him as an old man trying to dissuade him from slaughtering his son as a sacrifce to God. Abraham stoned the satan several times. When Muslims perform the same act, they in fact challenge the satan and the inner evil desires within themselves
inally, as God saved Abraham’s son and instead substituted a ram, Muhammad taught Muslims to provide a sacrifce to God by slaughtering a sheep or a goat as a symbol of Abraham's sacrifce, and divide the meat among the poor.